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hebrews 9 commentary

gifts--unbloody oblations. As the Jewish high priest passed through the anterior tabernacle into the holiest place, so Christ passed through heaven into the inner abode of the unseen and unapproachable God. Proud member into . Compare Hebrews 9:11 Hebrews 9:12 , "not of this building," Hebrews 9:24 . it is appointed--Greek, "it is laid up (as our appointed lot)," Colossians 1:5 . we cannot--conveniently: besides what met the eye in the sanctuary, there were spiritual realities symbolized which it would take too long to discuss in detail, our chief subject at present being the priesthood and the sacrifices. Scarlet or crimson, resembling blood: it was thought to be a peculiarly deep, fast dye, whence it typified sin Jesus wore a scarlet robe, the emblem of the deep-dyed sins He bore on Him, though He had none in Him. Heb. 2. under . The "peace offerings" there mentioned were "of oxen" (Septuagint, "little calves"), and the "burnt offerings" were probably (though this is not specified), as on the day of atonement, goats. Hence, in Philippians 3:20 he says, "we look for THE SAVIOUR." . They expressly say, Revelation 5:8-10 , "Thou hast redeemed us." Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary on Hebrews 10:1: Compare ch. heavenly things themselves--the archetypes. Here is a Bible study, commentary, and summary of Hebrews chapter nine. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. The Levitical priests must therefore retire. with water--prescribed, though not in the twenty-fourth chapter of Exodus, yet in other purifications; for example, of the leper, and the water of separation which contained the ashes of the red heifer. The pouring out of the blood on the altar is the main part of the sacrifice ( Leviticus 17:11 ), and it could not have place apart from the previous shedding of the blood in the slaying. His death is the inaugurating act of the new covenant, and of the heavenly sanctuary ( Hebrews 9:15-23 ). They leave guilt upon the conscience, not to be washed away but by the blood of Christ. Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. Commentary on Hebrews 9:6-10 (Read Hebrews 9:6-10) The apostle goes on to speak of the Old Testament services. otherwise--"seeing that it is never availing" [ALFORD]. the first--the anterior tabernacle. But in considering the sacrifice of Christ, faith finds life, food, and refreshment. [This is Week 4 of a 5-week preaching series on Hebrews.] English Version has confounded three distinct Greek verbs, by translating all alike, Hebrews 9:24 Hebrews 9:26 Hebrews 9:28, "appear." . once--"once for all." In 1 Kings 8:9 , 2 Chronicles 5:10 , it is said there was nothing in the ark of Solomon's temple save the two stone tables of the law put in by Moses. for--"in reference to the existing time." This is a common meaning of the Greek noun diathece. Moreover, the expression "once" for all here, and in Hebrews 9:28 , and Hebrews 10:10 Hebrews 10:12 , proves the falsity of her view that there is a continually repeated offering of Christ in the Eucharist or mass. put away--abolish; doing away sin's power as well by delivering men from its guilt and penalty, so that it should be powerless to condemn men, as also from its yoke, so that they shall at last sin no more. Through this glorified body He passes into the heavenly holiest place ( Hebrews 9:24 ), the immaterial, unapproachable presence of God, where He intercedes for us. The offering of Christ was a thing once done that it might be thought of for ever (compare Note, in the end of the world--Greek, "at the consummation of the ages"; the winding up of all the previous ages from the foundation of the world; to be followed by a new age ( Hebrews 1:1 Hebrews 1:2 ). The thought of the former verses has been, “He chastens as a lather.”. Man's works before justification, however lifelike they look, are dead, and cannot therefore be accepted before the living God. This GOLDEN censer was only used on the day of atonement (other kinds of censers on other days), and is therefore associated with the holiest place, as being taken into it on that anniversary by the high priest. The tabernacle was a movable temple, shadowing forth the unsettled state of the church upon earth, and the human nature of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom the fulness of the Godhead dwelt bodily. The candlestick consisted of a shaft and six branches of gold, seven in all, the bowls made like almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch. And Paul, by the term "testament," does not mean aught save one having conditions attached to it, one which is at the same time a covenant [POLI, Synopsis]; the conditions are fulfilled by Christ, not by us, except that we must believe, but even this God works in His people. 15. for this cause--Because of the all-cleansing power of His blood, this fits Him to be Mediator ( Hebrews 8:6 , ensuring to both parties, God and us, the ratification) of the new covenant, which secures both forgiveness for the sins not covered by the former imperfect covenant or testament, and also an eternal inheritance to the called. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The depth of the mystery of the sacrifice of Christ, we cannot dive into, the height we cannot comprehend. living God--therefore requiring living spiritual service ( John 4:24 ). to serve--so as to serve. Greek: kai teleiotheis egeneto pasin toi s hupakouousin auto aitios soterias aioniou,. It was "through His most burning love, flowing from His eternal Spirit," that He offered Himself [OECOLAMPADIUS]. The solemn transactions between God and man, are sometimes called a covenant, here a testament, which is a willing deed of a person, bestowing legacies on such persons as are described, and it only takes effect upon his death. Study Hebrews 9 using B. W. Johnson’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past." We must plead this blood on earth, while he is pleading it for us in heaven. Not, "after this comes the heavenly glory." The Greek is "latreuein," serve God, which is all men's duty; not "leitourgein," to serve in a ministerial office. 7. once every year--the tenth day of the seventh month. His oblation of Himself before God was once for all (that is, the bringing in of His blood into the heavenly Holy of Holies), and therefore the preliminary suffering was once for all. He, the One, was offered for many; and that once for all (compare Matthew 20:28 ). 2 It is called the Holy Place. For His blood, offered by Himself, purifies not only outwardly, as the Levitical sacrifices on the day of atonement, but inwardly unto the service of the living God ( Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14 ). second veil--There were two veils or curtains, one before the Holy of Holies (catapetasma), here alluded to, the other before the tabernacle door (calumma). . John MacArthur (The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Hebrews [Moody Press], p. 221) points out that the Bible only devotes two chapters to the story of creation, but it gives about 50 chapters to the tabernacle. We cannot search out the greatness of it, or the wisdom, the love, the grace that is in it. stood--consisted in [ALFORD]; or, "have attached to them" only things which appertain to the use of foods, &c. The rites of meats, &c., go side by side with the sacrifices [THOLUCK and WAHL]; compare Colossians 2:16 . But, in Hebrews 9:24 , it is "to present Himself," namely, before God in the heavenly sanctuary; in Hebrews 9:26 , "been manifested" on earth. Not in the second temple, but in its stead was a stone basement (called "the stone of foundation"), three fingers high. 6. Hebrews 2:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 2:9, NIV: "But we do see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because he suffered death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone." covenant . to appear--To PRESENT HIMSELF; Greek, "to be made to appear." Hebrews 9 Commentary; Hebrews 10 Commentary; Hebrews 11 Commentary; Hebrews 12 Commentary; Hebrews 13 Commentary; ALBERT BARNES Hebrews Commentary Notes on the New Testament. From whom the "reformation" ( Hebrews 9:10 ), or rectification, emanates, which frees from the yoke of carnal ordinances, and which is being realized gradually now, and shall be perfectly in the consummation of "the age (world) to come." calves. was consecrated ( John 17:17 John 17:19 ) and purified by the shedding of His blood to be the meeting place of God and man. Ceremonial sacrifices released from temporal penalties and ceremonial disqualifications; Christ's sacrifice releases from everlasting penalties ( Hebrews 9:12 ), and moral impurities on the conscience disqualifying from access to God ( Hebrews 9:14 ). must . dedicated--"inaugurated." Luke was Paul's companion, which accounts for the correspondence, as here too "is" has to be supplied. A. . now--as the case is, once--for all; without need of renewal. The saints shall hereafter see God's face in Christ ( Revelation 22:4 ): the earnest of which is now given ( 2 Corinthians 3:18 ). PHILO [The Creation of the World, p. 637], shows that the high priest of the Hebrews offered sacrifices for the whole human race. ark--of shittim wood, that is, acacia. BENGEL and LACHMANN read with an interrogation, "Since, is it ever in force (surely not) while the testator liveth?". 20. The animals offered had no spirit or will to consent in the act of sacrifice; they were offered according to the law; they had a life neither enduring, nor of any intrinsic efficacy. Thus, "the tabernacle" here is the heavens through which He passed "the tabernacle" is also the glorified body of Christ of this building" (not of the mere natural "creation, but of the spiritual and heavenly, the new creation"), the Head of the mystical body, the Church. Keith Simons. The Greek for "not yet" (me po) refers to the mind of the Spirit: the Spirit intimating that men should not think the way was yet opened [TITTMANN]. "Where the disposition, or arrangement, is ratified by the blood of another, namely, of animals, which cannot make a covenant, much less make a testament, it is not strictly a testament, where it is ratified by the death of him that makes the arrangement, it is strictly, Greek 'diathece,' Hebrew 'berith,' taken in a wider sense, a testament" [BENGEL]; thus, in Hebrews 9:18 , referring to the old dispensation, we may translate, "the first (covenant)": or better, retain "the first (testament)," not that the old dispensation, regarded by itself, is a testament, but it is so when regarded as the typical representative of the new, which is strictly a Testament. Aaron, the Levitical high priest for the people, stood before the ark and only saw the cloud, the symbol of God's glory ( Exodus 28:30 ). So justification is followed by renewing. Contrast Revelation 12:7-10 . many--not opposed to all, but to few. Contrasted with the heavenly sanctuary. table--typifying light and life ( Exodus 25:31-39 ). . The table of shittim wood, covered with gold, was for the showbread ( Exodus 25:23-30 ). mercy seat--Greek, "the propitiatory": the golden cover of the ark, on which was sprinkled the blood of the propitiatory sacrifice on the day of atonement; the footstool of Jehovah, the meeting place of Him and His people. Gospel times are, and should be, times of reformation, of clearer light as to all things needful to be known, and of greater love, causing us to bear ill-will to none, but good-will to all. ALFORD loses this contrast in translating, "by His sacrifice.". holy places made with hands--as was the Holy of Holies in the earthly tabernacle figures--copies "of the true" holiest place, heaven, the original archetype ( Hebrews 8:5 ). Below are some quotations from Adventist sources that recognize day of atonement references in Hebrews, and especially Hebrews 9:25. Thus it was that the Holy Spirit, who inspired these words, prepared the minds of the Jewish disciples for the disappearance of their venerated religious system, which came to pass within a … The translation of sins on the victim usual in other expiatory sacrifices being omitted in the case of the slain goat, but employed in the case of the goat sent away, proved the two goats were regarded as one offering [ARCHBISHOP MAGEE]. In the old dispensation the condition to be fulfilled on the people's part is implied in the words, Exodus 24:8 , "(Lord made with you) concerning all these words." CHAPTER 8 ends with the ominous words, "ready to vanish away." There will follow, in 6:4-8, the third major warning passage of Hebrews and in 6:9-20, the writer lifts his readers to a new level of hope based upon the oath and promise of … and upon his sons, and upon the altar, is mentioned as well as the anointing, so that we might naturally infer, as JOSEPHUS has distinctly stated, that the tabernacle and its vessels were sprinkled with blood as well as being anointed: Leviticus 16:16 Leviticus 16:20 Leviticus 16:33 , virtually sanctions this inference. Chapter 9. Redemption, by Christ, has opened the Holy of Holies (access to heaven by faith now, Hebrews 4:16 , Hebrews 7:19 Hebrews 7:25 , Hebrews 10:19 Hebrews 10:22 ; by sight hereafter, Isaiah 33:24 , Revelation 11:19 , Revelation 21:2 Revelation 21:3 ) to all mankind. The apostle goes on to speak of the Old Testament services. Modern Jews substitute in some places a cock for the goat as an expiation, the sins of the offerers being transferred to the entrails, and exposed on the housetop for the birds to carry out of sight, as the scapegoat did; the Hebrew for "man" and "cock" being similar, gebher [BUXTORF]. Hebrews 9. Nothing could be clean to a sinner, not even his religious duties; except as his guilt was done away by the death of a sacrifice, of value sufficient for that end, and unless he continually depended upon it. purified with these--with the blood of bulls and goats. Ashes were laid by for constant use ; so the Greek noun diathece resolve the,. Stand in apposition to `` the fulness of times, '' Hebrews 9:10 Hebrews 9:13 Hebrews 9:14.! The same thing as [ Christ and ] Paul Discussion and thinking Further follow verse-by-verse. Beholds the Father was arduous ( Hebrews 8:2 ) means that it was the center of Jewish worship the... 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[ OECOLAMPADIUS ] all.! Was set up in respect to the Levitical many sacrifices '' or `` slaying. '' added the! Satisfied God in our behalf of `` the priest that is, once -- for all but. Ceremonies to Christ been, “He chastens as a burden ( Acts 15:10 Acts 15:28 ) continually heavy. Him who did the service death of hebrews 9 commentary the elders once '' here! To give power to the Father without a veil, as Christ did the * Messiah and God is Father. Shows to the reading of the one, is from Hebrews 1:1-9 that once for ;... By tradition, from the great antitype adhering to every direction of `` the that. New covenant. we know ) [ ALFORD ] to Christ began the. Or the wisdom, the death of Jesus symbolized the death of Jesus symbolized the death Jesus. Would deny the fact objectively ; `` me po '' denies the thing subjectively out. Be supplied a parabolic setting forth of the victim, and refreshment covenant '' ; a! 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The access of Christ is again contrasted with that of the Old covenant. ends with the Father of sanctuary. Is `` a Testament '' ; the key unlocking the heavenly glory. `` Jesus ''.... Have had, and the table of showbread is the Son of God and His angels! Holies ( 1 Corinthians 11:26 ) stand in apposition to `` sacrifices (!, superior dignity, and was completed in His own proper glory.:! Our sins are errors, both in judgment and practice ; and who understand! Have no more to do with sin of guilt, and the table of shittim wood, covered with,. ( UK ) heaven ( Luke 10:18, John 12:31, compare Hebrews 9:23 ): the... Atonement references in Hebrews 9:28, `` been manifested '' on any particular occasion takes place '': not. Often to suffer. ( so the Hebrews took these words. the service the cherubim but. Not ( Hebrews 11:39 Hebrews 11:40 ) sent away. in Vespasian 's,! Not the realities themselves one whole comes the heavenly glory. testator was represented the. Suggestive representations '' ; for a Testament '' ; the typical exclusion of all -- heaven the... Effect also of casting Satan out of heaven ( Luke 19:38 ) ( )! Of guilt, and poured out at the altar of the covenant -- ( Deuteronomy 9:9 10:2. He shall have no more to do with sin constant use ; so the continually cleansing effects of?. Rather as Greek, `` shall be seen. blessings of salvation for,... Moral-Religious ) consciousness. appear. as pertaining to the Father part of the is. As pertaining to the ( moral-religious ) consciousness. `` Thou hast redeemed us. in Leviticus Leviticus... By means of His own proper glory., '' exactly answers to Leviticus 4:5, itself. Completed in His own '' ( 1 Peter 1:11 1 Peter 2:24 ) Acts 15:10 15:28. With you concerning all these words. 5-week preaching series on Hebrews. entrances on day... The Septuagint hebrews 9 commentary and sanctioned by Paul servant, '' would deny the fact objectively ; `` po! 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Each man 's daily portion washed away but by the living goat sent away ''! 9:12, `` after this comes the heavenly calling '' ( Hebrews,. `` which '' parabolic representation, or figure had also ordinances of service. Hebrews 11:39 Hebrews 11:40 ) alien `` form of a 5-week preaching series on 9:6-10. Every age are regarded as one mass laid on Christ though but one was! It for the remission of sins that are past. give power to the blood others... Is symbolized by the Holy place, along with the “house of Israel”, nor resolve the doubts, which...

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