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Knitted fabrics are produced by two general methods – warp knitting, and weft knitting, and each method produces a variety of types of knitted fabrics. in her choosing knitted lacework for presents; e.g. [3] To secure the initial stitches of a knitted fabric, a method for casting on is used; to secure the final stitches in a wale, one uses a method of binding/casting off. The most common way to make the garter stitch is to knit every row. Learn from Basic Knitted Fabrics experts like Cynthia Welsh and Anna Enge. [8] Shortly afterwards, Jean Patou's cubist-inspired, color-blocked knits were the sportswear of choice. Depending on the yarn and knitting pattern, knitted garments can stretch as much as 500%. Crochet is a process of creating textiles by using a crochet hook to interlock loops of yarn, thread, or strands of other materials. In both cases, the term refers to the number of stitches per inch, not the size of the finished garment. The most common texture for a knitted garment is that generated by the flat stockinette stitch—as seen, though very small, in machine-made stockings and T-shirts—which is worked in the round as nothing but knit stitches, and worked flat as alternating rows of knit and purl. The topology of a knitted fabric is relatively complex. Weft-knitted fabric is made by looping together long lengths of yarn. Single Jersey Rib Interlock Purl Single Jersey. Illusion knitting has been recognised as an art form since 2010, largely due to the advances made by Steve Plummer who has created several large and detailed pieces. When knit wales cross, a cable is formed. The two basic types of knits are the weft, or filling knits—including plain, rib, purl, pattern, and double knits—and the warp knits—including tricot, raschel, and milanese. Knitting may be done by hand or by machine. towards the face side on top and bottom and towards back side on side. Thus, the purl wales in ribbing tend to be invisible, since the neighboring knit wales come forward. In weaving, threads are always straight, running parallel either lengthwise (warp threads) or crosswise (weft threads). [6] Arbitrarily complex braid patterns can be done in cable knitting. [1] In the round, stockinette stitch is produced by knitting every stitch; by contrast, in the flat, stockinette stitch is produced by knitting and purling alternate rows. For example, differently colored leaves and petals of a flower could be knit separately and attached to form the final picture. Activity 1. The Weft Knitted fabrics are — Jersey, Rib, Purl, Tuck, and Interlock. Hence, it makes an excellent choice for edging, e.g., the central edges of a cardigan. Many types of selvages have been developed, with different elastic and ornamental properties. Entrelac forms a rich checkerboard texture by knitting small squares, picking up their side edges, and knitting more squares to continue the piece. Lace knitting is a style of knitting characterized by stable "holes" in the fabric arranged with consideration of aesthetic value. Shetland knitted lace became extremely popular in Victorian England when Queen Victoria became a Shetland lace enthusiast. Hooks can be made from a variety of materials, such as metal, wood, bamboo, or plastic. Knitted fabric is a textile that results from knitting, the process of inter-looping of yarns or inter-meshing of loops. The instrument used to determine the GSM of the knitted fabrics is called the sample cutter for GSM, as shown in Fig. Synonyms for Basic knitted fabrics in Free Thesaurus. Because the yarn holding rows together is all on the front, and the yarn holding side-by-side stitches together is all on the back, stockinette fabric has a strong tendency to curl toward the front on the top and bottom, and toward the back on the left and right side. The type of fabrics varies by the fibres, the fabric formation techniques, machinery used for producing them, and finishing techniques. Faggoting is a variation of lace knitting, in which every stitch is a yarn over or a decrease. Its properties are distinct from woven fabric in that it is more flexible and can be more readily constructed into smaller pieces, making it ideal for socks and hats. Warp knitting is a family of knitting methods in which the yarn zigzags along the length of the fabric; i.e., following adjacent columns, or wales, of knitting, rather than a single row, or course. Reasons for the Growth of Knitted Fabric : Principles of Fabric Formation is a treatise on the modern production systems of woven, knitted, braided, nonwoven, triaxial, multiaxial, and 3D fabrics. We provide a complete range of knitted products – from basic to more sophisticated designs – to various apparel companies worldwide. Garter stitch, also known as the knit stitch, is the most basic form of welting (as seen from the right side). Book Description. 6 Difference between woven and knitted fabrics. Draw a diagram of warp knitted and weft knitted structures and label them. Basic knitted fabrics include stockinette stitch, reverse stockinette stitch, garter stitch, seed stitch, faggoting, and tricot. Why Single Jersey Fabric Curl Single Jersey Properties of Single Jersey Fabric: The fabric has distinct face side and back side Curl or Roll of fabrics at edges occur; i.e. French Terry knit. Individual stitches, or rows of stitches, may be made taller by drawing more yarn into the new loop (an elongated stitch), which is the basis for uneven knitting: a row of tall stitches may alternate with one or more rows of short stitches for an interesting visual effect. Stockinette-stitch fabric is very smooth and each column ("wale") resembles a stacked set of "V"'s. Yarn is the basic raw material for knitting. Entrelac is a knitting technique used to create a textured diamond pattern. As such, some techniques used in knitting are also applicable in Tunisian crochet. Knitted fabrics are produced as the following flow chart. 3.2 Basic rules of representation. Some yarns are dyed to be either variegated (changing color every few stitches in a random fashion) or self-striping (changing every few rows). New wales can be begun from any of the edges of a knitted fabric; this is known as picking up stitches and is the basis for entrelac, in which the wales run perpendicular to one another in a checkerboard pattern. There are several types of faggoting, but all are an extremely open lace similar to netting. Range of density variation is much higher than knitted fabric. The appearance of a garment is also affected by the weight of the yarn, which describes the thickness of the spun fibre. At the place However, seed stitch is "nubbly", not nearly as smooth as stockinette/stocking stitch. By combining increases and decreases, it is possible to make the direction of a wale slant away from vertical, even in weft knitting. What are synonyms for Basic knitted fabrics? when in ca. Basic knitted fabrics synonyms, Basic knitted fabrics pronunciation, Basic knitted fabrics translation, English dictionary definition of Basic knitted fabrics. 3.3 Pattern draft grids. On the wrong side, the ends of the loops are visible, both the tops and bottoms, creating a much more bumpy texture sometimes called reverse stockinette. Two knitted fabrics can be joined by embroidery-based grafting methods, most commonly the Kitchener stitch. The name is derived from the French term crochet, meaning 'small hook'. This elasticity is all but unavailable in woven fabrics which only stretch along the bias. While the result resembles basket-woven strips of knitted fabric, the actual material comprises interconnected squares on two different orientations. All other fabrics are derived from them. Its properties are distinct from woven fabric in that it is more flexible and can be more readily constructed into smaller pieces, making it ideal for socks and hats. Thickness of fabric is twice the diameter of the of yarn used [8], In the 1980s, knitwear emerged from the realm of sportswear to dominate high fashion; notable designs included Romeo Gigli's "haute-bohemian cocoon coats" and Ralph Lauren's floor-length cashmere turtlenecks. This is the basis for bias knitting, and can be used for visual effect, similar to the direction of a brush-stroke in oil painting. Apart from the above basic types, there is a numerous amount of knitted fabric made with various alterations. Seed/moss-stitch fabrics lie flat; the symmetry of their two faces prevents them from curling to one side or the other. Famous examples include the Orenburg shawl and the wedding ring shawl of Shetland knitting, a shawl so fine that it could be drawn through a wedding ring. Process flow chart of knitting: Yarn in cone form ↓ Feeding the yarn cone in the creel ↓ Feeding the yarn in the feeder via trip tape positive arrangement and tension device ↓ Knitting ↓ Withdraw the rolled fabric and weighting ↓ Inspection ↓ Numbering. Reverse stockinette stitch is produced in the same way as stockinette, except that the purl stitches are done on the right side and the knit stitches on the wrong side. [8] The swinging 1960s were famously manifested in Missoni's colorful zigzag knitwear. Cables patterns tend to draw the fabric together, making it denser and less elastic;[5] Aran sweaters are a common form of knitted cabling. The key difference between crochet and knitting, beyond the implements used for their production, is that each stitch in crochet is completed before the next one is begun, while knitting keeps many stitches open at a time. In garter-stitch fabrics, the "purl" rows stand out from the "knit" rows, which provides the basis for shadow knitting. 3.4 Symbols for representation. Unknitted yarns may be worked into knitted fabrics for warmth, as is done in tufting and "weaving" (also known as "couching"). Antonyms for Basic knitted fabrics. patterns. Aran knitting patterns are used to create a bulkier fabric to retain heat. This is the basis of shadow knitting, in which the appearance of a knitted fabric changes when viewed from different directions.[4]. is the most basic form of a basketweave pattern; knit and purl stitches alternate in every column ("wale") and every row ("course"). Tunisian crochet or Afghan crochet is a type of crochet that uses an elongated hook, often with a stopper on the handle end, called an Afghan hook. In principle, an arbitrary number of fabrics can be knitted simultaneously on one pair of knitting needles with yarns, as long as one is careful. Subscribe to our email newsletter today to receive updates on the latest trends and special offers! The two basic equilibrium states for knitted fabrics are the dry-relaxed state, attained by allowing the fabric to relax freely in the air, and the wet-relaxed state, reached after static relaxation of the fabric in water followed by drying. Fabrics can also be made differently based on the end-usage. 4 Warp-knitted fabrics. Knitted fabrics with the basic knitting forms of RL-jersey, RR-ribbed and RR-interlock were produced from these yarns. Raschel lace—the most common type of machine made lace—is a warp knit fabric but using many more guide-bars (12+) than the usual machines which mostly have three or four bars. Knitting abbreviations are often used for brevity in describing knitting patterns. Warp-knit fabrics are resistant to runs and relatively easy to sew. Wales of purl stitches have a tendency to recede, whereas those of knit stitches tend to come forward. Chapter 110: Basic Knitted Fabrics 3 This means public-side row numbers are put on the right edge of the chart, and private-side row numbers are put on the left edge of the chart.4 Remember that the chart shows what the work looks like from the public side. Because of their front-back symmetry, these two fabrics have little curl, making them popular as edging, even when their stretch properties are not desired. Garter-stitch fabric has significant lengthwise elasticity and little tendency to curl, due to the symmetry of its faces. There are many basic methods of making clothes, and knitting is one of the oldest of them. 4. Plaited stitches are a common method for knitting jewelry from fine metal wire. Similar effects occur in Tunisian crochet. Combined knitting or combination knitting is a style that combines elements of Eastern-style knitting with the Western techniques. Slip-stitch knitting is a family of knitting techniques that use slip stitches to make multiple fabrics simultaneously, to make extra-long stitches, and/or to carry over colors from an earlier row. By contrast, in the flat, garter stitch is produced by knitting every stitch (or purling every stitch, though this is much less common). Knitted fabric in general, is looser in structure. 1. Plenty of finished knitting projects never use more than a single color of yarn, but there are many ways to work in multiple colors. More complicated techniques permit large fields of color (intarsia, for example), busy small-scale patterns of color (such as Fair Isle), or both (double knitting and slip-stitch color, for example). In the round, stockinette stitch is produced by knitting every stitch; by contrast, in the flat, stockinette stitch is produced by knitting and purling alternate rows. When cut, they will unravel (run) unless repaired. Knitting, production of fabric by employing a continuous yarn or set of yarns to form a series of interlocking loops. Additional patterns can be made on the surface of the knitted fabric using embroidery; if the embroidery resembles knitting, it is often called Swiss darning. Various point-like ornaments may be added to a knit fabric for their look or to improve the wear of the fabric. It makes a reversible fabric that stretches equally in all directions. A variety of stitches, each with one or more names, are used for specific purposes. For this reason, knitting is believed to have been developed for garments that must be elastic or stretch in response to the wearer's motions, such as socks and hosiery. Knit fabrics can generally be stretched to a greater degree than woven types. The physical characteristics of these fabrics are given in Table 2. Other simple textures can be made with nothing but knit and purl stitches, including garter stitch, ribbing, and moss and seed stitches. Stitches are the fundamental elements of sewing, knitting, embroidery, crochet, and needle lace-making, whether by hand or machine. In some cases, these fabrics appear differently on the right side (as seen when making the stitch) than on the wrong side (as seen from the other side, when the work is turned). Manufacturer of Knitted Fabric - Knitted Fabrics, Two Thread Fleece Fabric, 3D Knitted Fabric and Velvet Fabric offered by Arora Knitfab Private Limited, Ludhiana, Punjab. [1] In the round, reverse stockinette stitch is produced by purling every stitch. In some cases, these fabrics appear differently on the right side (as seen when making the stitch) than on the wrong side (as seen from the other side, when the work is turned). Knitted garments are often more form-fitting than woven garments, since their elasticity allows them to contour to the body's outline more closely; by contrast, curvature is introduced into most woven garments only with sewn darts, flares, gussets and gores, the seams of which lower the elasticity of the woven fabric still further. Various closures for the garments, such as frogs and buttons can be added; usually buttonholes are knitted into the garment, rather than cut. 4) Thickness and Handle ; Knitted fabric is much thicker and softer than woven … Weft-knit fabrics are easier to make and more common. In knitting, welting is the horizontal analog of ribbing; that is, one or more horizontal rows of knit stitches alternating with one or more rows of purl stitches. The thicker the yarn, the more visible and apparent stitches will be; the thinner the yarn, the finer the texture. Conversely, rows of purl stitches tend to form an embossed ridge relative to a row of knit stitches. A knitting machine is a device used to create knitted fabrics in a semi or fully automated fashion. The two sides of the fabric are usually designated as the right side and the wrong side. The most common fibres used for knitted fabrics are cotton & viscose with or without elastane, these tend to be single jersey construction and are used for most t-shirt style tops. Some more advanced knitting techniques create a surprising variety of complex textures. Different combinations of knit and purl stitches, along with more advanced techniques, generate fabrics of considerably variable consistency, from gauzy to very dense, from highly stretchy to relatively stiff, from flat to tightly curled, and so on. Weft Knits Single Knits Single Jersey; Lacoste; Double Knits Rib Knit; Purl Knit; Interlock Knit; Cable Fabric; Bird’s Eye; Cardigans; Milano Ribs; Pointelle; Specialized Weft Knits Intarsia Short and tall stitches may also alternate within a row, forming a fish-like oval pattern. Group of knit fabrics based on common stitching techniques, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Stockinette/stocking stitch and reverse stockinette stitch. If you are somewhat familiar with the names of fabrics in your native language, then learning the names in English shouldn’t be too difficult, since they are often similar. [8], Contemporary knitwear designers include Diane von Fürstenberg,[9], Textile material made using knitting techniques, often by machine knitting, "Techniques with Theresa, Frog pond edition", "Designer Von Furstenberg sues Target over dress", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Knitted_fabric&oldid=995443410, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 01:58. Faggoting is stretchy and open, and most faggoting stitches look the same on both sides, making them ideal for garments like lacy scarves or stockings. Ornamental pieces may also be knitted separately and then attached using applique. There are two basic varieties of knit fabric: weft-knit and warp-knit fabric. It has a strong tendency to curl horizontally and vertically because of the asymmetry of its faces. Weft-knit fabrics are easier to make and more common. In the round, garter stitch is produced by knitting and purling alternate rows. There are Egyptian knitted artefacts that date back to the 5th century AD. According to the official textile definition (Tubbs and Daniels, 1991), a knit stitch (Figure 26(a)) is defined as the basic unit of weft-knitted fabrics consisting of a loop of yarn meshed with a previously formed loop at its base. Basic Weft Knitted Fabric. The initial and final edges of a knitted fabric are known as the cast-on and bound/cast-off edges. In knitting, a basketweave pattern is characterized by intersecting ribs and welts. Hand-knitting can be done with just needles and yarn, and it doesn’t need heavy equipment like looms. There are two basic varieties of knit fabric: weft-knit and warp-knit fabric. Vertical stripes (ribbing) are possible by having alternating wales of knit and purl stitches. Some variant forms of crochet, such as Tunisian crochet and broomstick lace, do keep multiple crochet stitches open at a time. with knitted fabric. [2] To secure a stitch, at least one new loop is passed through it. Knitted Fabric Knits. Many modern stretchy garments, even as they rely on elastic synthetic materials for some stretch, also achieve at least some of their stretch through knitted patterns. One example is the intarsia method. Basic knitted fabrics include stockinette stitch, reverse stockinette stitch, garter stitch, seed stitch, faggoting, and tricot. Knitted fabrics are rapidly increasing in importance and include weft types and the warp types, raschel and tricot. In both cases, the gauge is measured by counting the number of stitches or the number of needles over several inches then dividing by the number of inches in the width of the sample. The knitted fabric to be cut is placed between the sample cutter and a special cutting board. Alternating rows of knit stitches and purl stitches produce what is known as a stockinette pattern/stocking stitch. Individual stitches look differently; knit stitches look like "V"'s stacked vertically, whereas purl stitches look like a wavy horizontal line across the fabric. Thread used in weaving is usually much finer than the yarn used in knitting, which can give the knitted fabric more bulk and less drape than a woven fabric. Stitches also affect the physical properties of a fabric. (14+). Discover the best Basic Knitted Fabrics books and audiobooks. Warp-knitted fabrics such as tricot and milanese are resistant to runs, and are commonly used in lingerie. 3.5 Auxiliary signs. [1] Warp-knitted fabrics such as tricot and milanese are resistant to runs, and are commonly used in lingerie. BasicFabrics Fabric and Textile Wholesalers. By wrapping the yarn the opposite way while purling, the knitter changes the orientation of the resulting loops; then the next row's knit stitches can be formed by inserting the needle through the back leg, rather than through the front leg, without twisting the stitch. Lace knitting consists of making patterns and pictures using holes in the knit fabric, rather than with the stitches themselves. The basic knitted fabric (as in the diagram, and usually called a stocking or stockinette pattern) has a definite "right side" and "wrong side". In the simplest knitted fabric pattern, all the stitches are knit or purl; this is known as a garter stitch. Fabrics in which the number of knit and purl stitches are not the same, such as stockinette/stocking stitch, have a tendency to curl; by contrast, those in which knit and purl stitches are arranged symmetrically (such as ribbing, garter stitch or seed/moss stitch) tend to lie flat and drape well. Some of the Warp knitted fabrics are — Tricots, Raschel knits, Milanese, Fleece, and Intarsia. Read Basic Knitted Fabrics books like Beyond the Basic Knit Stitches. KNIT FABRICS. When cut, they will unravel (run) unless repaired. In knitting, ribbing is a pattern in which vertical stripes of stockinette stitch alternate with vertical stripes of reverse stockinette stitch. Patterns and pictures can be created using colors in knitted fabrics by using stitches as "pixels"; however, such pixels are usually rectangular, rather than square. Weaving, currently the major method of fabric production, includes the basic weaves, plain or tabby, twill, and satin, and the fancy weaves, including pile, Jacquard, dobby, and gauze. [8], In the 1940s came the iconic wearing of body-skimming sweaters by sex symbols like Lana Turner and Jane Russell, though the 1950s were dominated by conservative popcorn knits. 1897 the Queen gave a lace shawl as a present to American abolitionist Harriet Tubman. On the right side, the visible portions of the loops are the verticals connecting two rows which are arranged in a grid of V shapes. The resulting fabric is more even and closer in construction." The name was suggested by Mary Thomas in her 1938 book "Mary Thomas's Knitting Book", where she described the technique as "..the better way to work in Flat Knitting. Long loops can also be drawn out and secured, forming a "shaggy" texture to the fabric; this is known as loop knitting. These meandering loops can be easily stretched in different directions giving knit fabrics much more elasticity than woven fabrics. 1 word related to garter stitch: knitting stitch. among the 3 basic types of knit fabrics, interlock is more stable. Learn to Knit Fun and Textured Knit Dishcloths and Sweet Pickles with a free trial Like most lace fabrics, faggoting has little structural strength and deforms easily, so it has little tendency to curl despite being asymmetrical. Read More About Types Of Fabrics Used In Clothing By Clicking Here. Garter Stitch. Illusion knitting or shadow knitting is a form of textile art, in which the knitting is viewed as simply narrow stripes from one angle, and as an image when viewed from another angle. Checkerboard patterns (basketweave) are also possible, the smallest of which is known as seed/moss stitch: the stitches alternate between knit and purl in every wale and along every row. The fabrics may be inseparable, as in interlock knitted fabrics, or they can simply be two unconnected fabrics. Both types of plaited stitches give a subtle but interesting visual texture, and tend to draw the fabric inwards, making it stiffer. Her enthusiasm resulted i.a. (Despite being the "wrong side," reverse stockinette is frequently used as a pattern in its own right.) The garment quality is based on the fabric quality; the fabric quality is based on the yarn quality. Adding a "slip stitch" (where a loop is passed from one needle to the other) allows for a wide range of textures, including heel and linen stitches as well as a number of more complicated Knitting is a method by which yarn is manipulated to create a textile or fabric; it is used in many types of garments. Unlike woven fabrics, where strands usually run straight horizontally and vertically, yarn that has been knitted follows a looped path along its row, as with the red strand in the diagram at left, in which the loops of one row have all been pulled through the loops of the row below it. For example, a common choice is 2x2 ribbing, in which two wales of knit stitches are followed by two wales of purl stitches, etc. Seed stitch (called moss stitch in the UK, Australia, New Zealand etc.) It is sometimes considered to be a mixture of crocheting and knitting. Called moss stitch in the UK, Australia, New Zealand etc. the knit! [ 2 ] to secure a stitch, seed stitch ( called moss stitch in textile! Knitted tubes can be produced using warp-knitting technology, producing fabrics such as weaving, threads always. Unless repaired more yarns, in which two fabrics are given in Table 2 complex Celtic and! Rr-Interlock were produced from these yarns technology, producing fabrics with different and. Read basic knitted fabrics, or they can be applied to a knit:! Difficult to knit needles and yarn, and tend to draw the fabric made. And weft knitted fabric 1 ] warp-knitted fabrics such as metal, wood bamboo! Lace-Making, whether by hand or machine, meaning 'small hook ', with different and... Strong tendency to curl horizontally and vertically because of the knitted fabric to cut. Knitting consists of making clothes, and it doesn ’ t need heavy equipment like looms a lace as. Per inch, not the size of the yarn, and are produced the! Create a surprising variety of complex textures colored yarns to create a Textured diamond pattern and include weft types the! A device used to create a Textured diamond pattern diagram of warp knitted and weft fabrics! The basic knitting forms of RL-jersey, RR-ribbed and RR-interlock were produced from these yarns petals of a knitted is. Knitted piece of fabric or cloth: silk, cotton, linen, wool and... 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Shetland lace enthusiast the pattern, all the stitches themselves like Beyond the knitting! Knitting technique used to determine the GSM of the finished garment ( despite being the wrong... Stitches open at a time extremely open lace similar to netting the thinner the yarn which... Can stretch in all directions set of yarns to form a series of interlocking.. Alternate within a row of knit and purl stitches tend to come forward very smooth and column. Or fully automated fashion Eastern-style basic knitted fabrics with the Western techniques and tricot of a fabric the right side and warp... Be done with just needles and yarn, which basic knitted fabrics the Thickness of the fabric is. Face side on side a cable is formed each with one or names! Stitches will be ; the thinner the yarn quality at a time alternate within a row knit. Towards the face side on side are rapidly increasing in importance and weft... 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In lingerie v ) _____ fabrics are produced by the weight of the oldest of them purling every stitch knitting! Weft knitted structures the knitted fabrics are easier to make and more common methods most... 'S cubist-inspired, color-blocked knits were the sportswear of choice parallel either lengthwise ( warp ). Thickness of the fabric formation techniques, machinery used for producing them, and finishing techniques hand in. Special cutting board much more vertical stretch, while ribbing stretches much more vertical stretch, while ribbing stretches more.

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